Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy

What is Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy?

Pelvic floor disorder encompasses a range of conditions impacting the muscles, ligaments, and connective tissues supporting the pelvic organs like the bladder, uterus, and rectum. These disorders can affect individuals across different age groups and genders, with various factors like pregnancy, childbirth, aging, and certain medical conditions contributing to their development.


Given the potential impact on one’s quality of life, it is crucial to promptly seek medical assistance when experiencing symptoms associated with pelvic floor disorders. Consulting with a healthcare professional is essential, as they can assess your specific condition and requirements, helping devise a tailored treatment plan involving Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy.

Possible causes of Pelvic Floor Disorders

Pelvic floor disorders can have various causes, and often multiple factors contribute to their development. Here are some possible causes of pelvic floor disorders:

    1. Pregnancy and childbirth: The process of pregnancy and vaginal delivery can put significant strain on the pelvic floor muscles, ligaments, and tissues, leading to weakening or damage. Seeking the assistance of a prolapse physiotherapist near me or a pelvic floor physiotherapy clinic can help address these issues.

    2. Age and hormonal changes: As women age, hormonal changes, such as a decrease in estrogen levels during menopause, can weaken the pelvic floor muscles and increase the risk of pelvic floor disorders. Seeking pelvic floor therapy near me, particularly women’s health physio, can be beneficial.

    3. Chronic constipation: Straining during bowel movements over an extended period can put excessive pressure on the pelvic floor, potentially leading to pelvic floor dysfunction. Pelvic floor exercises for men and appropriate pelvic floor treatment can help alleviate these symptoms.

    4. Obesity: Carrying excess weight can put additional stress on the pelvic floor, contributing to its weakening or dysfunction. Pelvic floor rehabilitation and exercises, along with guidance from a pelvic floor specialist, can aid in addressing these concerns.

    5. Chronic coughing: Frequent and forceful coughing, often associated with conditions like asthma or chronic bronchitis, can strain the pelvic floor muscles over time. Pelvic floor physiotherapy can provide relief and assist in pelvic floor pain relief.

    6. Heavy lifting: Regularly lifting heavy objects, especially with poor lifting technique, can strain the pelvic floor muscles and increase the risk of pelvic floor disorders. Utilizing proper pelvic floor exercise equipment and consulting with a pelvic floor physiotherapist can help prevent complications.

    7. Pelvic surgery: Surgeries in the pelvic area, such as hysterectomy, prostate surgery, or colorectal surgery, can affect the pelvic floor muscles, nerves, or ligaments and potentially lead to pelvic floor dysfunction. Seeking pelvic floor physiotherapy after childbirth or any pelvic surgery is essential for a proper recovery.

    8. Pelvic trauma or injury: Accidents or trauma, such as a fall, can damage the pelvic floor muscles, ligaments, or nerves, resulting in pelvic floor disorders. Consulting a pelvic floor physiotherapist or a pelvic floor specialist is crucial for appropriate treatment and rehabilitation.

    9. Chronic pelvic pain: Persistent pain in the pelvic region can lead to tense pelvic floor muscles and contribute to pelvic floor dysfunction. Pelvic floor physiotherapy and pelvic floor exercises can assist in relieving this pain.

    10. Genetics and family history: Some individuals may have a genetic predisposition to weaker pelvic floor muscles or connective tissues, making them more susceptible to pelvic floor disorders. Consulting a pelvic floor physiotherapist or a women’s health physio can help manage these concerns effectively.

It’s important to note that each individual’s situation is unique, and multiple factors can contribute to the development of pelvic floor disorders. If you are experiencing symptoms or have concerns, it is recommended to consult with a healthcare professional or a pelvic floor physiotherapist for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan.

Does Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy Work?

Yes, pelvic floor physiotherapy has been shown to be effective in managing and treating various pelvic floor disorders. It is a specialized form of physical therapy that focuses on strengthening and rehabilitating the muscles of the pelvic floor.


Here are some ways in which pelvic floor physiotherapy can be beneficial:

    • Improved muscle function: Pelvic floor physiotherapy helps individuals gain better control and coordination of their pelvic floor muscles. Through targeted exercises, techniques, and biofeedback, patients can learn to relax and contract these muscles appropriately, improving overall muscle function.
    • Alleviation of symptoms: Pelvic floor physiotherapy can help relieve a wide range of symptoms associated with pelvic floor disorders, such as urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence, pelvic pain, pelvic organ prolapse, and sexual dysfunction. By addressing the underlying muscle dysfunction, physiotherapy can significantly reduce or even eliminate these symptoms.
    • Rehabilitation after childbirth or surgery: Women who have recently given birth or undergone pelvic surgery can benefit from pelvic floor physiotherapy to promote healing, restore muscle strength, and improve function. Physiotherapy can aid in recovery, alleviate pain, and reduce the risk of long-term complications.
    • Education and lifestyle modifications: Pelvic floor physiotherapists provide education and guidance on proper bladder and bowel habits, body mechanics, posture, and other lifestyle modifications to support pelvic floor health. This comprehensive approach helps individuals make sustainable changes to prevent further pelvic floor issues.
    • Preparatory and preventive measures: Pelvic floor physiotherapy can be beneficial for individuals planning to undergo pelvic surgeries, such as prostate surgery or hysterectomy. Preoperative pelvic floor physiotherapy can strengthen the muscles and optimize their function, leading to better surgical outcomes and faster recovery.


It’s important to note that the effectiveness of pelvic floor physiotherapy can vary depending on individual factors, the specific condition being treated, and the dedication of the patient to the recommended exercises and lifestyle modifications. It is best to consult with a qualified pelvic floor physiotherapist who can assess your specific situation and develop a personalized treatment plan to address your needs. 

Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy for Pregnancy

Pelvic floor physiotherapy is a specialized type of physical therapy that focuses on the muscles, ligaments, and connective tissues that support the pelvic organs, including the bladder, uterus, and rectum. During pregnancy, the pelvic floor undergoes significant changes due to hormonal fluctuations, weight gain, and increased pressure from the growing fetus. Pelvic floor physiotherapy can be an effective way to help pregnant women manage the symptoms associated with these changes. Some of the benefits of pelvic floor physiotherapy during pregnancy include

    • Improved bladder control: Many pregnant women experience urinary incontinence due to weakened pelvic floor muscles. Pelvic floor exercises, such as Kegels, can help strengthen these muscles and improve bladder control.
    • Reduced risk of pelvic organ prolapse: Pelvic organ prolapse occurs when the pelvic organs descend into the vaginal canal due to weakened pelvic floor muscles. Pelvic floor physiotherapy can help prevent this condition by strengthening these muscles.
    • Easier labor and delivery: Strong pelvic floor muscles can help support the weight of the baby during labor and delivery, potentially making these processes easier and less painful.
    • Faster postpartum recovery: Pelvic floor physiotherapy can also help women recover more quickly after childbirth by strengthening the pelvic floor muscles and improving overall muscle tone in the pelvic region.

Overall, pelvic floor physiotherapy can be a safe and effective way for pregnant women to manage a range of pelvic floor-related symptoms and conditions. If you are pregnant and experiencing pelvic floor issues, please call us to determine if pelvic floor physiotherapy is right for you.

What does the Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy treatment involve?

Pelvic floor treatment typically involves a combination of strategies, including:

    1. Pelvic floor muscle exercises: Also known as Kegels, these exercises involve contracting and relaxing the muscles that support the pelvic organs. A pelvic floor physiotherapist can help to teach you the proper technique and develop a personalized exercise plan.

    2. Manual therapy: This may involve the use of massage or other hands-on techniques to release tension in the pelvic floor muscles and improve mobility.

    3. Education and behavioral modifications: This can include guidance on lifestyle changes, such as avoiding constipation and practicing good bladder habits, as well as techniques for reducing stress and tension in the pelvic floor muscles.

    4. Electrical stimulation: This involves using a small device to deliver low-level electrical impulses to the pelvic floor muscles, which can help to improve muscle function and reduce symptoms.

The specific type of treatment recommended will depend on the type and severity of your pelvic floor disorder. It’s important to work with a qualified healthcare provider, such as a pelvic floor physiotherapist, to develop an individualized treatment plan. With proper treatment and management, many people are able to improve their pelvic floor function and reduce symptoms.

Is Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy covered by insurance?

The coverage of pelvic floor physiotherapy by insurance can vary depending on several factors, including your insurance provider, your specific insurance plan, and region in which you reside. In some cases, pelvic floor physio may be covered by health insurance, particularly when it is considered medically necessary for the treatment of a diagnosed condition or when prescribed by a healthcare professional. However, coverage limitations, such as the number of sessions allowed or specific requirements for eligibility, may apply.


It is important to review your insurance policy or contact your insurance provider directly to understand the details of your coverage. They can provide accurate information regarding whether pelvic floor physiotherapy is included in your plan and any associated terms or limitations. 

Additionally, Pelvic floor physiotherapy clinic administrative staff can assist in verifying insurance coverage and providing guidance on the reimbursement process. They can help determine if your specific insurance plan covers pelvic floor physiotherapy and provide information on any out-of-pocket expenses.

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